While the history of Political Parties very old phenomenon, but this concept got its mainstream position after American Independence. Globally, it is a known notion that monopoly is associated with corruption and exploitation (Diamond, 2001). If the rulers develop the feeling that no matter whatever they will do with their follower, if their official position is not in danger, they will exploit their official position. As political parties form the basis for a powerful democracy, it is beneficial for a country.
Political Parties and Freedom of Speech
The presence of different political parties in the country ensure freedom of speech for the country. As the political parties associated with diverse views in the system, it helps create a balance in the political system. In single party system, the rulers have the power to impose their views to the followers of the system; therefore, they do not appreciate the forces that oppose them. As the single party system does not appreciate the criticism, the freedom of speech is restricted. The worst example of such system in today’s world is North Korea. The freedom of speech in North Korea is almost negligible (Dalton & Farrell, 2011). The single party government interfere in everything ranging from the personal lives to the professional lives of people. The citizens of North Korea are restricted from using Internet and viewing international television programming. This is done in an effort to hamper the people to know how people around the world is leaping the benefits of the freedom around the world. The news is filtered in a way that the government only feed the things that they want the people to know.
Political Parties and Human Rights
The example of Iraq in the case of considering the importance of political parties is an important phenomenon. During the time of Saddam Hussain, he ruled the country for many decades. While the country had a large oil reserves, the majority of people in Iraq were not economically well. Corruption was rampant and the rulers were engaged in various human rights disasters. The citizens had least freedom of speech and the power to nominate their leaders was next to impossible.
Corruption and Mismanagement of Resources
The aforementioned examples show how the countries where there is no political parties are more inclined towards corruption and mismanagement of resources. There are a number of countries which have got immense success through the system of different political parties (Michels, 1999). These countries, which are reaping the benefits of democracy include United States, United Kingdom, Singapore, Malaysia, India and many more. Singapore and Malaysia, which were not economically well few decades ago is now leading economies, which are now develop countries due to democracy.
While political parties can be beneficial in different aspects but many times it is detrimental to the country. Political parties represent the views and desires of the people, but in many cases people are not the true judge for themselves (Lawson, 2010). The country in many cases are in such situation, where the decision should come from a team of experts rather than the desires of the citizens. In many instances, different political parties criticize the decision makers just for point scoring rather than for the benefit of the country (Tilly, 2007). Due to this scenario, the ruler of the country are not able to implement the thing that can change the economic and social condition of the country.
Dalton, R., & Farrell, D. (2011). Political parties and democratic linkage: How parties organize democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Diamond, L. (2001). Political parties and democracy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lawson, K. (2010). Political parties and democracy. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger.
Michels, R. (1999). Political parties a sociological study of the oligarchical tendencies of modern democracy. New Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A.: Transaction.
Tilly, C. (2007). Democracy. Cambridge [England: Cambridge University Press.