Civilization in the readings is also evident in the introduction of western forms of clothing and religion among the Indian people as a way of civilizing them. According to Elias Boudinot some forms of civilization were frowned upon in Indian culture. Elias writes that there was a time it was seen as a disgrace for an Indian to show up wearing the costume of the white man. In the chapter, civilization has been examined as a nurturing experience. According to the chapter, the civilization of the Cherokees by the first Chief Magistrate was carried out by creating friendly relations with the Indians through treaties as well as the introduction of mechanic arts within their communities. The goal behind this was to nurture and father the Indians into civilization. However, this was without its fair share of difficulties. Top on the list of the causes of difficulty when it came to the civilization of the Indians was self-interest.